Jirou Tenge, the second son of what used to be an influential Japanese family, returns home after being a POW in an American camp during the Second World War. He finds his family corrupted by the terrible social aftereffects of the war.
His elder brother, determined to keep what remains of the family patrimony after the Government's forced land reallocation, has prostituted his wife to his father to secure his blessing, while other members of Jiro's family have been drawn into similar corruption, and he himself is being forced to spy for the Americans after being broken as a POW. Now the family's youngest daughter Ayako will have to bear the brunt of the family's sins.
The late Osamu Tezuka needs no introduction. Over his lifetime he created dozens of classic stories that have helped shape manga and anime into what it is today. ‘Ayako’ is one of his lesser known works. Rather undeservingly so seeing as it’s yet another excellent demonstration of Tezuka’s imcredible storytelling abilities.
The story begins in 1949. Japan is slowly getting back on its feet following the devastating losses it suffered during World War 2 and Jiro Tenge, son of a wealthy family of landowners, has come back home. Reluctantly so, I might add, seeing as he finds out upon returning that not much has changed. His father Sakuemon (the head of the family) is still grumpy, condescending and more than a bit xenophobic while his older brother Ichiro tries his best to match him. The women in the Tenge family are treated as non-entities which reflects how sexist Japanese society was in that time period. The children, meanwhile, are raised to fill in similar roles once they grow up. There is one exception, though. A child named Ayako, a new niece of Jiro’s who is particularly favored by patriarch Sakuemon.
The story spans a time period of approximately 25 years and during that time a series of events, varying from shifts in the political climate to personal tragedies, take place that greatly affect members of the Tenge family in different ways. We see a family desperately clinging to their power as the world around them begins to change, an ambitious son who’ll use his children as pawns to win favor with his father, a man who gets caught up in espionage for shady agencies in order to build up a personal fortune and a child trying in vain to change his family from the inside out. The lynchpin of the entire narrative is young Ayako (hence the title). Her role as an innocent child is initially played straight but as the story goes on it eventually becomes clear that it serves a symbolic purpose. She represents an undying innocence that is cruelly repressed and (if possible) denied by a society that sacrifices integrity for personal gain.
This, in turn, is the major theme of this manga. And Tezuka deserves props for brilliantly exploring the way principles and innocence are corrupted in the face of selfishness. Other themes that pop up in the story ultimately serve to support it.
Some may be surprised at how cynical all of this sounds coming from the man who’s mostly known for rather upbeat stories (though he also wrote ‘MW’) but let it be clear. This is a very somber story with a very harsh view on human nature and society. It is nonetheless a very thematically rich and frighteningly timeless work that deserves to be read by any serious fan of manga.
It’s not all perfect though. There are a handful of events that are rather rushed and/or contrived, while most characters ultimately functions as little more than pawns in the grand scheme of things. Characterization is minimal seeing as their roles in the story are largely symbolic. Some may also find that Tezuka pours his (political) views on a little too thick at times. Tezuka was never one for subtlety.
The visuals of this manga are excellent. Osamu Tezuka’s ability to frame all sorts of emotions in tiny pictures is on full display and he doesn’t stuff his panels with unnecessary detail. Another great aspect of the art is the way the characters are designed. They’re all very distinctive and they really look different yet instantly recognizable as they get older. The art does a perfect job supporting the narrative which is the main attraction here. And in that regard, Ayako delivers in spades. Very highly recommended. read more
If I were to recommend a single work during Tezuka Osamu's "dark period" it'd be Ayako. It's also the only one I consider to be of passable quality. Published between January 25, 1972 to June 25, 1973 in "Big Comic", which also saw the publications of Tezuka's other attempts to create a dark like Swallowing the Earth (1969-70), I.L (1969-70), Ode to Kirihito (1970-71), Barbara (1973-74), and MW (1976-1978)
The story is told in a way that feels smooth and the time skips feel pretty natural.
The story is pretty consistent in quality compared to works like Barbara which seem to forget about their original premise halfway-through the work. It's also told in such a way that it's hard to put down because of the quick pacing something is constantly happening and it helps the story blends many elements together to appeal to a broader number of people as opposed to Barbara or Human Insects. This makes it also a more approachable work and has far less scenes that feel forced or just unnatural.
So the story is part mystery, suspense, family drama and romance. A family that lost most of their power after losing much of their land after the war. Very little of the story takes place from Ayako's POV and she can just be completely ignored for large parts of it. We do get more focus on her during the middle of the story as she grows older which are actually some of the best parts of the manga. There's also a lot of similarities with his other dark works in the sense that there's not a single decent person to be found in the family, as most of them are greedy or incestuous perverts. Anyway, the characters serve their purpose and the authorities aren't completely useless for once.
Oh, the artwork is strangely better than usual as you don't have a lot of sceneric shots that don't really look like anything another than blobs of black. Maybe he had better assistants during Ayako's run than usual. The paneling is also less stiff and cramped compared to latter works like Barbara which felt pretty effortless. It still doesn't compare to masterpieces like Hi no Tori Uchuu and to a lesser extent Hi no Tori Robe of feathers. Ayako's paneling for the most part passable and gets the job done and is a step up compared to the other manga mentioned in this review.
Also, the translation is horrible. To be most specific, large parts of Ayako take place in the country, so the translator or editor decided to give them all stereotypical southern accents so everyone sounds like a redneck. During serious moments you'll get a "Naw, pa" or some unreadable gibberish due to the approach they took. It seriously breaks the mood when you're laughing at something serious because everyone sounds so absurd.
Ignoring the translation and some smaller problems it's worth a single read.
Possible spoiler warning:
Possible SPOILER WARNING:
The biggest problem with Ayako as a whole is the ending which feels slightly absurd and the very last or so page that falls under a type of ending Tezuka used far too much. That being "No one knows _______" which he also uses it a large number of chapters in Hi no Tori, many short stories, Dororo and probably many more. It sours the impact of the work and makes many of his manga have predictable ends. If you've seen one Tezuka ending, you've seen most of them as he seems incapable of ending a story in a satisfying manner. It's similar to how many Go Nagai works end on two groups of people engaging battle except with Go Nagai you get a lovely two page spread with gorgeous details. read more
I was fortunate. Fortunate in that I had a learned individual informed me of the background in which ‘Ayako’ was created which allowed me to understand the reasoning behind many of the plot points and the overall theme.
Because the story would have looked awful without the understanding of that background.
The reason being that much of it isn’t presented well, and it ends up looking silly and vapid without the proper presentation. Eventually, the story does get around to leading readers in the right direction of understanding, but that is well over 50% into the story and it is still fairly easy to lose sight of.
Thing is that the themes within Ayako are actually pretty universal and timeless. Intra-family power struggles, changing times upheaving old knowledge/structures/understanding, complex individual personalities acting immoral in some cases and moral in others, and all forced within the rigid framework known as ‘society’.
However, the above themes get lost due to the seemingly simple and rather blunt story. The simple and crass characters. The simple and unsubtle plot. And so on. It's unfortunate, but the manga is really outdated, though it was likely good for its time. Today, though, even low-ranking modern manga tend to create superior stories with more well defined/created characters.
But, again, I was informed that much of the story was written as a sort of overview of post-WWII Japan and the feelings Tezuka has about the American occupancy and the dirty laundry of Japanese aristocracy. Due to that background knowledge, I had read the story while viewing all the characters within the story as symbolism rather than actual characters. Each character we are presented are representative of an aspect of Japanese society. They’re inter-connected and the actions of one ultimately affect the other in a sort of circle of tragedy, uplifting, and just plain ol’ life.
Through this view, it seems to me that the story made much more sense and the complexity which seemed non-existent seemingly came into play and became visible. The events that happened which seemed to have made little to no sense suddenly became understandable. As a result, Ayako became vastly more enjoyable.
Should everyone read the manga as I did? No, absolutely not. I believe manga (or any medium, really) is better experienced and perceived by individual's own taste. However, I think many people would enjoy Ayako much more so long as they do not accept everything at face value as I might have done had I not known.read more