It’s about a reserved young lad, Negishi, moving to the city of debauchery that is Tokyo and fronting a death metal band, as Krauser II, even though he would rather be at home drinking green tea and listening to laid back indie pop.
It’s tear-inducingly hilarious.
DMC's humour is similar to Cromartie High School in its lunacy, albeit more traditional in narrative-stakes, and it’s also more unrelenting and risqué with its filthy potty mouth and explicit scenarios usually involving public humiliation involving a young man dressed like an 80's prog-rock-gone-wrong band member furiously thrusting his groin against a piece of government property in order to placate his
DMC's cast of deranged characters, animated by the ever-brilliant Studio 4c, liven up every scene they're in, thanks to each episode's short length. There are no typical anime-style long pans or random shots of furniture or scenery wasting our time. Instead we get scenes crammed with Negishi getting mistreated, usually by DMC's violently blunt dominatrix manager, although if we're extra lucky we'll also get a scene where DMC drummer Nishida opens his mouth, or the DMC S&M mascot Pig of Capitalism frolics on stage.
One of the masterstrokes of this show, perhaps the main stroke of genius and source of such mirth, is the voice acting. Particularly the pacing. The dialogue is sublime in its breezy and hushed volume; actors regularly speak in normal conversational tones, and cut each other off with off-the-cuff remarks about nonsensical things and then scenes cut away immediately without giving anyone time to breath. The ultimate affect is hilarity, as you might see in Brit comedy skit shows and such.
Detroit Metal City's secret weapon are the maniacal fans mentioned earlier. Their commentary on the main band's hijinks are comedy gold, their crazy antics all in the name of their beloved musical heroes creates most of the show's best scenes, although having said that we shouldn’t ignore the main frontman of DMC himself, whether its Negishi or Krauser we're watching, his two identities continually spiral further and further into increasingly awkward and humiliating situations, that usually involve simulated rape and assault.
If any criticism could be thrown at DMC, it would be that the show doesn’t seriously explore the concept of losing your sense of identity when you're fronting such a ridiculous band, but then any focus on such an admittedly good topic as that would have robbed the show of precious laughs and scenes of humiliating sexual harrasment so in the end comedy wins over gravitas.
Wow man, DMC was fucking crazy. I swear that shit was so funny I almost fucking shit myself during every episode. It also made me want to kill and rape every bitch around me. As for my parents — you know I'm just going to stop right there.
Detroit Metal City is a brief comedic anime that is known for its vulgarity. The language is foul and the jokes are wildly offensive. And that's the show's shtick. If jokes about raping and murdering your own mother offend you — *cough* if you're any kind of sensible person they probably should offend you *cough* —
then maybe DMC isn't for you. But if you're willing to travel to the dark side of humor, then welcome to Detroit Metal City, motherfucker.
DMC follows Negishi Souichi, a calm and quiet person who aspires to be a famous musician. His hobbies include sipping tea, listening to smooth pop, and reading magazines about fashion and music. He takes the first steps to achieving his dream when he decides to move to Tokyo. He gets his shot at the big time, but not how he could have ever imagined. He becomes the lead singer/guitarist and frontman of the metal band Detroit Metal City. They are crazy. They are over the top. They are a band that Negishi does not want to be a part of. We never really learn how he was recruited to be the face of this metal band, but that's not all that important. We're here for laughs, not plot. And the laughs are plentiful. Once you learn to step out of your humor's comfort zone you can really start appreciating how funny DMC is.
The story is simple. It explores loss of identity through peer pressure. But beyond that, it's just about DMC's rise to fame and Negishi trying to cover up the fact that he plays the role of a serial killing and raping terrorist from hell all while still saving time to give street performances of his beloved pop.
Perhaps the funniest part of the series is DMC's rabid fans. No matter what Negishi does in his Krauser persona, they perceive it as a godly act from their evil hero. He tries his best to win over the girl of his dreams, but somehow his life as a member of the most offensive band around prevents him from doing so. All we can do is laugh and feel a little sorry for Negishi as he desperately tries to keep everyone around him from knowing who he truly is.
Detroit Metal City is a short series that packs as much hilarity in as possible. From the moment Negishi boards the train to Tokyo and waves goodbye to his beloved mother, his life quickly spirals out of control. Watching him attempt to balance his personal life and his life as a serial rapist/murderer is truly one of the most humorous plots I have ever seen.
Alright, so this here is my first review on MAL. I'll try to make it a good one. As you can see, I'll be reveiwing Detroit Metal City.
I'd like to apologize in advance for how long this will be...
Let me say first off that if you think you will be offended by off - color humor and swearing, run away in panic now, as this show is not for you. It is filled with swearing, rape jokes, drug references and other implied naughtiness. It is not serious, of course - it is comedy and there is no nudity and little violence to be found here.
story follows Souichi Negishi, a boy who, having recently graduated music college with the intent on forming a fashionable pop band, somehow finds himself as Johannes Krauser II, the demonic lead guitarist and vocalist for death metal group Detroit Metal City. The show is episodic in nature, so much so that they will often fit two short stories about the titular band into a single 15 minute episode. Don't expect too much in the way of an over - arching plot; it's almost a slice of life show in that respect. Despite being a comedy, the creators actually bring some interesting themes to light, such as conflicting split personalities, although they don't really develop them.
The characters are all good, though nothing to write home about. They seem to be almost charicateurs, in that they are fairly normal people, but exaggerated to the point of comedy. The only character who recieves any development even remotely is Negishi, as he does grow somewhat, his two personalities almost mixing together during the course of the show. Of course, it's to be expected when you can watch the entire series in about two and a half hours. That is my main problem with the series - it could have been much longer, as it does feel a little short. On the other hand, Negishi is actually fairly complex from the beginning, as he has some definite elements of schizophrenia, which provide some hilarious scenes as his two personalities show themselves in the wrong places.
The art is...interesting. The characters are somewhat flat and cartoonish most of the time, though there is the occasional scene where the animation is nothing short of stunning. The frame tends to change in size from shot to shot, presumably to create some kind of effect. You may find it irritating at first, but you'll quickly stop noticing it as you get caught up in the humor and the music.
This, of course is the series' main strength. How could it not be, as this is a show about music. There is a fairly high range of music, including pop, punk, freestyle rap and death metal. The songs are all original, unless I am much mistaken. Please don't expect too much in terms of song lyrics, though, as this is a comedy and all of the styles are exaggerated - the metal songs are filled with so many gruesome and offensive themes that it just becomes ridiculous and funny rather than brutal (as was the intention), while the pop songs are cheerful and cute to offset this.
I am a fan of death metal, and can safely say that this is not actually death metal. It's actually pretty good, but the creators likely wanted to appeal to a broader audience, so there is no growling or shrieking to be heard in the metal songs. DMC's music, I would say sounds more like evil KISS, which is suitable given that the name of the band is taken from a song by KISS (Detroit Rock City).
It would have been nice to see a few more references to other musicians. They do mention Sid Vicious, but no one else gets a nod. I also found it strange that they didn't mention Sweden or Norway, the respective homes of death and black metal. They also mention 'the violent American death metal scene'. Aside from Florida, there really isn't a death metal scene in the US at all. Ah well.
Actually, this show reminds me of an American cartoon, Metalocalypse. It's similar, as it's about a super - popular death metal band with rabidly idiotic fans, though of course the band members are all idiots. I'd suggest you give it a look if you enjoyed DMC (or the other way around). Just be warned that it is very, very bloody.
My only real grievance with this show is how short it is - it is only 12 episodes, each of which are only 15 minutes long, The series does feel far to short, and you'll probably wish there were more.
"Detroit Metal City" is the most consistently funny anime ever made. It's not just a couple of episodes that hit the mark; all twelve are hilarious, unexpected, and brilliantly written.
Based on the manga which I also wrote a review for, the anime version is probably the most faithful translation imaginable. Every scene, word, and expression is exactly the same as in the comic, and in this case, that turned out to be an excellent decision.
DMC is based on the theme of dual personalities. Negi Souichi is a kind-hearted, simple 23 year old, a virgin with an ugly bowl-shaped haircut. He
hails from a farm, talks to his mother every day, and dreams of uniting the world with fashionable pop songs about love and French desserts.
At night, he dresses up as the fearsome Krauser-san II of the band DMC, a KISS and Gwar-inspired death metal frontman who sings about rape, murdering one's parents, and on stage, beats up an elderly Japanese man wearing women's lingerie known as "The Pig of Capitalism".
He is considered a true demon by his crazed fans, who would love nothing more than to be raped and killed by their idol, and eventually comes to be known as the emperor of metal, thanks to his many legendary deeds, such as raping the Tokyo Tower, and his destruction of any rivals to his throne, whether they be punk, rap, or fellow metal bands.
At first, it seems like Negi is simply forced to go along with this because of the tyrannical President of DMC's record label, a frightening death metal chick who beats up Negi and everyone else standing in her way, and constantly talks about performances "making me wet".
However, as the series progresses, one realizes that Krauser is very much a part of Negi himself. All of his anger and frustration at not being recognized for his pop music, as well as his annoyance with various people and circumstances in his life fuel his angry, violent death metal acts. Often, the very people he is close to and respects as Negi are the ones he destroys and humiliates as Krauser.
The writing and stories throughout the series are nothing short of brilliant. While the joke could quickly wear thin, here the episodes keep thinking of creative, exciting situations and obstacles for DMC and Negi to be up against, and he never fails to resolve it with something absurd and over-the-top, which a normal, rational Negi would be outraged by.
The other characters are also interesting and funny, if a bit one-dimensional. There is Negi's considerate, sweet love interest Yuri Aikawa, who works for a fashionable music magazine, and is frequently tormented by Krauser-san. There is Jyagi-Sama, the bass guitarist for the band, an outgoing, kind partier who is popular with the ladies. He hopes of making a lot of money from the band, but just doesn't understand the essence of metal quite like Negi.
Then, there is Camus-San, who, to go along with the stereotype of drummers as being bizarre weirdos, is a short, fat, ugly, bespectacled man, whose entire speech consists of offensive, perverted one or two word sentences, mostly spoken to attractive women. He frequently seems to think he's in a brothel, telling an innocent girl either "anal" or "next!".
As mentioned before, there is DMC's frightening record label president, as well as a hilarious male DMC super-fan who makes a living doing shows for little kids, and has an inferiority complex about not being raped by Krauser. Frankly, every repeat character in the series is funny, and their inclusion in the story is very much in context.
The songs used throughout the work, while too light to truly be considered death metal, are catchy, and have enough death grunts, heavy bass, and riffing to get the point across. The art feels and looks exactly like the comic; occasionally, it almost feels like I'm watching a really fast Powerpoint slide.
Overall, an instant classic of a series, highly recommended for everyone. Even better than Metalocalypse.
Once upon a time, a young anime fan who was catching up on all the Japanese cartoons he missed out on over the years noticed that a certain comedy anime called Detroit Metal City was in quite a few top anime lists. The descriptions stated it was a hilarious satirical takedown of the music industry with more laughs in it than an average season of Seinfeld, so said fan downloaded the anime eager to populate his top anime list with more “critically acclaimed” stuff and laughed his ass off at the “at the time” brilliant card the show played regarding how this badass heavy metal
god was actually wimpier than Renton from Eureka Seven for twelve straight episodes. It was practically the only joke in the show, but he liked said joke so much that he instantly ranked it high on his increasingly overburdened “favorite anime list” upon finishing it, went to Frys a few days later for some random anime purchases, and bought the series for twenty-five bucks upon discovering a single copy next to some obscure series he had long since forgotten the name of with every intention of revisiting the joy of Krauser someday.
Two years later, said fan was eager to share the love with his friends who were visiting and put in his DVD for all of them to see. His friends were instantly turned off by the first episode, which would have annoyed the fan if it wasn’t for the fact that thanks to two years of criticizing the medium and getting caught up on most of what it had to offer, he discovered on rewatch that Detroit Metal City was not a good anime. Actually, that’s understating things. It was completely unfunny gimmicky shit that he only liked at the time because it was something he hadn’t seen before and revisiting the thing with a more trained mind revealed said series to be nothing more than a waste of a hundred bucks divided by four.
Something snapped in that fan that day, causing him to come up with several realizations. 1) He should never listen to his colleagues (or anybody else for that matter) for actual opinions on things. 2) All post-Fumoffu anime comedies are utter tripe that would never hold up on rewatch even if he used to like them. 3) He shouldn’t overcrowd his “favorite anime list” with titles that have no rewatch value whatsoever. 4) One day, he would review Detroit Metal City and expose it for the smelly piece of poo that it was to all the fans who still claim that it totally holds up...you liars.
Okay, so as I mentioned in that Diary of a Caustic Blogger level-esque introduction, Detroit Metal City is a twelve-episode OVA series about a wimpy kid named Negishi and his efforts to live a normal wimpy life whilst dealing with the fact that he’s actually a heavy metal god named Krauser due to some unfortunate circumstances that I’m not going to bother describing because if I spoiled that punchline, then there wouldn’t be anything left. Unfortunately, his manager who always goes on about how heavy metal makes her wet won’t leave him alone. And even when she does, Negishi lives in an area where Krauser seems to be everywhere, so he just can’t help getting involved and regretting it immediately afterwards. I know Japan loves to advertise the shit out of certain popular products to the point that you’d think they were as famous as Brad Pitt, but it’s established pretty early on that heavy metal is sort of an underground music genre as is, and I’d think the J-Rock audience would greatly over-eclipse Krauser’s rape threats.
Anyways, each episode is only thirteen minutes long and follows the wimpy god’s daily life trying to play his happy Swedish pop and getting away from his actual talents, along with trying to impress a girl he knew from the past that hates his metal identity. Can’t say I blame her. If I had to play songs constantly about raping the police, the girl, and that little rabies-infected puppy, I’d want to listen to the Clannad band too. It actually got to the point where I had to train myself to hit the chapter skip button whenever the opening song started, the same way people skip Ali Project when they finish a Geass episode, because that song is up there with Parasyte’s opening as one of the worst I’ve ever listened to.
And if it wasn’t for review purposes, I’d want to chapter skip the entire episode as well. As I also said in my overly-dramatic intro, Detroit Metal City really doesn’t have much to its jokes besides “get Negishi in trouble, have his Krauser life solve the problem mostly because his fans are dumb, said solution is a hollow victory”. That’s not a bad thing in of itself, but there’s a couple of problems with that approach. First off, how is exaggerating the fakeness of what goes on behind-the-scenes in increasingly absurd ways a good satire of the music industry by any definition of the word? Just because you’re changing locations and saying a different aspect is fake doesn’t exactly make me overlook that you’re just saying “the music industry isn’t what you think it is!” to which I just go “no fucking shit, son!” after the first half of the first episode. Second, aren’t jokes supposed to be ironic? How is exaggerating a truth that wasn’t even fresh in 2006, let alone 2009, to its logical extreme supposed to be irony, buttmunch?
Like I said, there’s nothing wrong with DMC having one basic joke as long as you expand on it in creative ways. Seinfeld’s episodes all but guaranteed that the ending would screw the characters in every way. But Seinfeld didn’t exactly specify a method or the degree of the casts’ misery, allowing it so that even if you kinda know things aren’t going to end well, you’ll still get surprised. But DMC’s base joke comes with so many other restrictions that imagination gets shunted out the window. Well okay, I tell a lie. There is one imaginative aspect. It’s just that it’s a fucking stupid one.
The whole thing is animated in sort of comic-book style where scene transitions and appearances look really artificial. Apparently this was supposed to further exaggerate the comedic absurdities of the show, but considering the situations themselves push absurd to the limit, all it is is a kid grabbing too many cookies from the cookie jar and getting a sugar rush along with two days in bed. Every time Krauser says he’s going to rape me, it just comes off like some high school bully trying to recreate the phone scene from I Know What You Did Last Summer despite the fact that all you did last summer was read a book and play soccer. Yes, his identity is ultimately fake, but his character is supposed to be real. And a real character fools you into thinking otherwise even if you know it can’t really happen, the same way a good story sucks you in even though dragons will never exist in real life.
But you can’t really accomplish that with prose that inserts penis metaphors every which way, and whilst it’s true that trying too hard to achieve realism just makes *insert school anime here* more unrealistic than Dragonball Z, you can only take that so far before you realize you forgot to put any sort of grounding to your product entirely. And it’s impossible to relate to the characters beyond what’s written on Wikipedia because the style just makes them seem too distant and fake to the point that all I see is the voice actor doing the recording in the background rather than an actual kid going through struggles. Also, whenever a joke is actually made, said shaky-cam still visuals used to convey the jokes are always accompanied by a lot of dialogue that kill all sense of timing and draw out the punchline far beyond the point when it’s funny. Yeah, we get it. The characters are screwed. I don’t need to hear their inner thoughts on the subject matter!
So as a result, none of the characters are the least bit sympathetic or even have much of a personality. I don’t care if this kid is getting screwed by his double life, especially since nothing ever changes afterwards and it doesn’t seem to be that big a deal. Aside from the fact that he can play music better than I ever will, there’s nothing interesting about him. He’s entirely reactionary, and so is everyone he runs into. Yeah, that girl he has a crush on seems nice and all, but I don’t know for sure and the show will never let me know any time soon. Unless I read the manga, but there’s no way in hell I’m going to do that.
I mean it’s not completely unexpected that the director of this show would try to implement something unique visual-wise given that he’s also the guy who adapted Mushishi and Aku no Hana, both anime I gave money to in order to be my live-in hookers. But whilst those shows have subtle, yet calm moods that complement the story and bring them across in a visually interesting way, Detroit Metal City’s atmosphere is loud and obnoxious and has very little movement and instead of adding to anything, it just overstuffs the whole mess to the point that I don’t know what to concentrate on resulting in an entirely forgettable experience. Nothing sticks but the novelty of seeing this in anime. And novelty’s expiration data is worse than the lifespan of a firefly.
Detroit Metal City could have been funny if the characters had any sort of actual grounding in reality rather than have both sides of Negishi’s life be as hyperactive and unfocused as a 70s hippie. If the show had dealt with the music industry the same way BoJack Horseman dealt with the movie industry, it wouldn’t exactly have been a riot, but at least there’d be strong characters and utilization of concepts to keep things going in case the jokes fall flat. That’d also be a concept unique to anime, except it’d actually have lasting appeal rather than the price tag I stuck on the front cover of its DVD box before laying it down on a yard sale table.
Detroit Metal City is a rapid fire comedy about the rise of the death metal band, DMC to prominence. It is also about the protagonist, Negishi, coping with his placement in a style of music unlike that of what he dreams to perform--Scandanavian Pop.
Animation - 7
The animation itself was pretty lacking, but the art style I really liked. It seemed quite clearly inspired by Mike Judge and Beavis and Butthead. It's a little crazy to me that I think this is a good thing, but it really does add something special as a bit of a frame of reference. As a
matter of fact, I think that the animation was rather rudimentary in that mid 90's cheap way also. Things were jerky and lacked a lot of fluidity, but on the flipside, this style is a perfect match with the pace of the comedy. Because this is a series of OVAs, it's hard to tell if this was a conscious artistic decision or budgetary restraints. With that said there was really no drop in the animation at all, so I'd wrack it up to a bit of the both.
Sound - 8
The voice actors all do a very good job of capturing the comedic essence of their characters and don't ever disappoint in delivery. The best job is by far done by the actor for Negishi (not Krauser) not just because the nervousness and anxiety in his voice was always hilarious, despite what he was saying; but also because of his singing voice. What is ultimately very interesting about the music to me was that the parody pop music was so undeniably catchy that I found myself really liking everytime that Negishi would bust out his acoustic guitar. The metal is not my cup of tea, so I really can't say left or right whether or not it was good. What I will say is that the crafting of one of the pop songs into its metal counterpart was very well done.
Characters - 8
The characters are archetypes that aren't found very often in anime, much less comedy, so the use of them especially as main characters is very refreshing. That said, because the show is about Negishi as Krauser, there is little to no development done for any of the supporting characters. For a slapstick comedy, I think that there is a good bit of development for Negishi who struggles with being tossed into the opposite genre of his choice. There are a couple of episodes that hilariously yet poignantly deal with his resolve to hold the mantle of Krauser, and they were quite unexpected. Beyond that the characters serve their purpose well, if not a little to redundantly.
Story - 7
The story is basically this: Negishi makes a fool of himself differentiating Krauser from his daily life, often in interference in his romantic aspirations for Yuki; Krauser has crazy antics onstage and with fans; and here and there, the double lives that DMC fans lead. Most of the story in each episode is focused mainly on the first element, which is a shame, because certain jokes quickly got old after the third episode, and could have had the edge taken off of it by the third element, which went rather unused despite having some very funny moments.
Enjoyment - 9
Had it not been for the blatant overuse of jokes, this could have been a ten, but I specifically remember wanting to fast forward through certain parts because it just felt like a copy/paste of dialogue with different scenery. Despite that, I laughed good and hard through much of the show, and for a comedy, this is rare.
Overall - 8
Detroit Metal City is a very good comedy series that I hope has redefined some of the conventions of anime in the execution of comedy. The pace never really let up for a second with quick dialogue and running through gags and punchlines at rapid succession. It never relies on the expectations of jaded viewers for moe fanservice or generally overused gags (even if it did overuse some of its own). DMC may be remembered and copied for years to come.
Detroit Metal City strikes a bizarre balance of the cringeworthily unfunny and the gut-bustingly hilarious.
This short, 12-episode OVA which will henceforth be abbreviated to "DMC" for convenience's sake, revolves around Negishi Souchi, an aspiring musician fresh out of college who has moved to Tokyo with a love of catchy, lighthearted European pop music. However, due to a misreading of his lyrics, he has accidentally ended up as the lead singer of death metal band Detroit Metal City, who are the antithesis of everything he stands for, using the alter-ego of Johannes Krauser II, a psychopathic omnipotent devil-creature who murdered his parents and raped them. In
DMC's humour tends to come from three things. The first is Negishi/Krauser trying, and failing, to balance out his two lifestyles and stop anyone from finding out who he really is, and this is about as unfunny as it sounds. This whole idea has been done to death before, and was not ever really all that funny in the first place. To make matters worse, this is basically the entire joke. None of the variations on it really change what's supposed to be funny about it. And it is repeated ad nauseam throughout the series.
The second of these is how over-the-top everything is, in particular the ridiculous song lyrics and excessive swearing throughout. These are initially funny but wear off pretty fast... and this only applies to the funny song lyrics. Excessive swearing just isn't funny. There is also one character, their manager, who is the worst thing about the whole series. The entire "joke" of her character is that she says "cunt" a lot and gets sexual thrills from music... and I'm not sure how that was ever supposed to be funny. It's just disturbing and used entirely for cheap shock factor.
The third, however, is what saves DMC and then some: the parody aspects. DMC is at it's absolute funniest whenever it is making fun of death metal. Partly this is just by how utterly silly DMC's lyrical content is and what utter caricatures it's fans are, but the best moments of this happen by contrasting the legacy behind the band members and their fandom's insane worship to what is actually happening. The best example by far involves Krauser humping Tokyo Tower with a crowd of onlookers treating it as though it were an amazing spectacle of a satanic ritual... all while you're very aware that it is literally just a man in a silly costume humping a tower. Or, for another example, a contest of who can pronounce the word "fuck" best, made so much better by how dead seriously everyone takes it. The real cherry on top is simply how oblivious everyone is to how far DMC has descended into self-parody.
The characters from DMC are basically nothing special. They all fill their roles fine, but that's about it, with a few exceptions from Negishi when he gradually slips into Krauser mode.
The music in DMC impressed me, because aside from it's silly lyrics, the music is actually the kind of thing you could imagine people buying into, which is something of a refreshing change considering you see many anime about music with very amateurish music quality. This isn't even restricted to just DMC's music, either. Some of Negishi's pop music is genuinely catchy, and some of the background music is good too, if infrequent and unlikely to catch your ear in favour of "Satsugai".
The animation isn't particularly high-quality, but if it was, it would probably just have been out of place. It has a much more stripped-back feel to it that's reminiscent of many 90's American cartoons, which is really just as well because it'd fit in nicely with some of MTV's cartoon titles of the day. It also plays around with framing a lot as well, only filling up around half or so of the screen a lot of the time, and often expanding as offscreen characters talk so as to bring them into view. It doesn't really add all that much in the long run, but it's a nice touch nonetheless.
In most cases I'd call something like DMC fairly average, with the good cancelling out the bad. However DMC does have something else going for it that makes it an exception: it's short. Clocking in at only 12 episodes, each of which are only half the length of a regular TV broadcast episode. The entire series runs around 2 and a half hours, around the length of some movies, and with it's fast pace in hand you can easily knock it out in a single sitting. It's brevity saves it from outstaying it's welcome and repeating itself too much, which it most likely would have done if it had run any longer than it did.
Overall, DMC is hit and miss, but if this seems like something you might enjoy then you've not got much to lose.
Final Words: If you've got a couple of hours to kill and want a quick fix, I'd probably recommend this.
Quite possibly the best show in years. Though at the same time it can be pretty hard to recommend. To enjoy the show you need to be open to extreme expletives and adult theme/humor.
A calm man who dreams of being a musician becomes the lead singer for a rising Metal phenomenon. I found the story to be pretty original and quite a good setup for some amazing comedy. Its not the best story in the world, but they certainly do a lot with 12 episodes.
Clearly not the best art, but it never intended to be. Instead they went for more of a
"Manga Recreation" style utilizing interesting screen proportions as if it were a comic.
Despite is heavy dependence on Metal music, if you are not into Metal music (I certainly am not) you will probably enjoy the soundtrack more than if you did. Most of the show is a parody for the metal genre (and actually most music genres to be honest) The songs are all humorous and enjoyable which is pretty hard to accomplish with so many music genres incorporated. The voice acting is also spot-on.
All of the characters are pretty well fleshed out and vastly different from each other. Even characters that only appear for a single episode have a lot going for them. This can be attributed to the series' quick delivery of jokes to keep things fresh, insane, and hilarious.
As I said earlier, possibly one of the best shows in awhile, and easilly the funniest anime I have seen period. If any show has the potential to knock you out of your chair with laughter, this would be it; assuming you are a fan of the type of humor they employ.
This was pretty much perfection for me, as far as comedies go.
I want more episodes. 10/10
“I will accomplish the feat of saying 'rape' eleven times in one second”
-Krauser, Detroit Metal City
This show is utterly ridiculous. Recommended by a MAL friend for its "give no fucks" vulgar and insensitive humor, Detroit Metal City certainly had quite a name to live up to. Do the rape and satanic jokes go too far? Well, there was only one way to find out.
Adapted from an iconic manga written by Kiminori Wagasuki, DMC has one of the most memorable anime intro sequences I can recall. You find the main protagonist, Soichi Negishi riding a train and taking about joining high school with the aspiration of
wanting to become a modern folky pop artist. His music is light and melodic, and is reminiscent of something you'd hear in a frozen yogurt parlor. But... Negishi didn't quite fulfill his dreams of becoming a pop star... actually quite the opposite occurred. He ended up singing lead vocals for the most popular underground death metal band in all of Japan.... named after the famous KISS song, Detroit Metal City. Although how exactly he got there is never really explored in DMC's short 156 minute cumulative run time, I don't really think it's necessary. You basically follow the heinous escapades of Negishi and his death metal band as he struggles to find solace while trying to quit the strange life he has found himself in. All while spitting lyrics about killing his parents and humping Tokyo Tower in the rain. I can't even make this shit up.
To watch DMC properly, I'd recommend coming in with no expectations or high sense of politically-correctedness, and just turn your brain off. There isn't much of a storyline, and there's no analytical character development. Just raw, unadulterated vulgarity spewing left and right. I mean I'm pretty sure there's a line where Negishi actually calls a girl he cares for a "trash cunt". I literally spit my beer out when I heard that. There were literally times I was gasping for air I was laughing so damn hard. It's certainly not an anime I'd show my kids, until their older than 18, or 21 or at least 25... DMC pulls no punches, and for that I'll give Studio 4C mad props. You can't get humor like this in any other anime I can think of, maybe the closest would be Chromartie high school. And the jokes in DMC make Chromartie High School look like an episode of Sesame Street. The whole premise is actually a tad depressing, almost like Negishi suffers from a messed up version of schizophrenia. The way his Krauser persona flips on like a light switch is nuts. You could see it building like a gurgling volcano about to erupt.
There's not an exorbitant amount of character development in DMC either. There's some with Negishi, and also a tad with “The Capitalist Pig”, a middle-aged Japanese man he tortures onstage at each concert. Negishi actually ends up coming to his rescue once he finds out he doubles as a convenience store clerk in one of DMC's rare moral moments. His crush has possibly the worst perception known to man, as somehow she never mistakes Negishi's rude outbursts as routine behavior, or that he is even living a double life. His band mates are equally as lude, and push Negishi's boundaries of sanity and morality during each show. Perhaps the funniest part of the entire show is that virtually none of the humor is meant to be funny when delivered by its respective characters. Most notably are the die hard fans of DMC trying to explain exactly what they believe Krauser (Negishi's metal alias) is doing. He trips and falls on a woman and they think he's raping her. He leaves a tv interview to juggle a date with his secret crush and they assume he went to hell and back a few times. Not to mention, DMC's manager is some sort of psychotic nymphomaniac who gets off on Krauser's derelict behavior. Did I mention how utterly ridiculous this show is?
The OST is nostalgic in a way to me because of all the heavy metal I used to listen to in high school. The type of music with words that can be incoherent and no one seems to care, but the heavier and faster, the better. Every time Negishi played his pop music, it made me chuckle because of the vastly different vibe it gave of in the show. Especially hysterical was how he was constantly shut down or interpreted in a joking matter when he played his acoustic nonsense. The OP was epic and I often listened to it, and the ED was more poppy, probably to illustrate the juxtaposed dual personalities Negishi occupied. The art is nothing stellar, but it gets its point across. When an anime has this lax art style, I tend to take it less seriously, which is really only to my benefit if it's a comedy.
As much as I did laugh my ass off, on a critical level DMC is sort of a "one trick pony". As aforementioned, there's nothing complex and intellectual going on in the background here. It's brash and unapologetic, and it's just a nice break from modern anime normalcy. I enjoyed it for what it was. I would only recommend this series to someone in need of a good laugh and who isn't easily offended. I mean, seriously, do not watch this unless you are apathetic and vulgar-minded. But... if you stay with it, this show is some seriously good shit. A comedic masterpiece. I enjoyed every second of it. Thanks as always for reading!
What would happen if you mixed the random comedy and faux tough guy MC of Cromartie Highschool with the crude humor and heavy metal parody of Metalocalypse?! You would get Detroit Metal City. I watched all 12 episodes in 1 binge and I haven't laughed that hard in a LONG time! Not only is this one of the best anime comedy series in years, it is widely accessible even for people that don't like anime.
The story is about a mild mannered guy from the country named Negishi that moved to Tokyo in order to become a pop singer. Unfortunately, his music doesn't sell,
so he is forced to make a living by being the frontman for the wildly offensive and insane band Detroit Metal City. Detroit Metal City is named after the KISS song of course, and is basically what conservative parents in the 1980s thought KISS was like. All of their music is about rape, murder, and praising Satan! Negishi's onstage persona is Johannes Krauser, a German serial killer/rapist that calls himself the "terrorist from hell". It is rather funny to see a guy that sends flowers to his mother and is a virgin play the role of a man who supposedly murdered and raped his parents at age 5. Of course, part of the comedy is that this is actually fairly accurate in real Death Metal music. With the exception of the insane Norwegian bands that actually burned churches and murdered people in the 1990s, most metal bands are actually a bunch of nerds that are NOTHING like their onstage personas. Negishi must continue to play in this crazy band all while dealing with lunatic fans, and keeping his friends and family from finding out about it.
From the loveable and goofy Negishi to the sociopathic, Metal head band manager, the characters are hilarious and excellent! I especially liked the awkward, middle aged man that plays the DMC band member "The Capitalist Pig" which simply involves wearing a gimp suit and getting the shit kicked out of him in every concert. Some of the best character interactions and chemistry in the show was between Negishi and his sweet girlfriend Aikawa. It is unfortunate that the anime ended so abruptly and she never finds out about his persona or takes their relationship to the next level. They just flirt, go on a a few dates, and that is as far as it ever goes in the anime. It may be different in the manga, but I haven't read the manga yet.
The soundtrack is hilarious and features some of the most batshit insane lyrics you will ever hear. Unfortunately, DMC aren't very good at playing their instruments and don't sound even 1/10th as good as Deathklok. Brandon Small from Metalocalypse actually knows how to play a guitar, unlike these guys!
The art closely follows the style of the manga from what I have seen of it. It is certainly not spectacular, but it isn't bad and works well with the tone of the series.
I lauged my ass off and I am willing to bet that most of you guys will too!
Detroit Metal City was a highly enjoyable little anime that I recently found out about and I am REALLY glad I gave it a chance. There is no English Dub, but the Japanese dub is filled with seasoned veterans and is nice to listen to. Negishi is hilariously voiced by the same guy that did Keitaro from Love Hina! If you need a good laugh, I would check this series out right away.
I'm not sure how to write a review on MAL and I don't usually leave reviews because I'm lazy, but this time I really wanted to write something.
As a metalhead I was really happy when I found out about this anime so I was very excited. And then I was disappointed. I know this should be comedy, but I don't like the way metalheads are potrayed, with all that raping, aggression and brainwashing their audience.
I like the opening even if I don't like the lyrics, but overall it sounds great.
And I don't like that the lead character shows so little interest and passion for metal
music. I didn't watch the "pilot" episode so I don't know why he's doing this, but he souldn't do something he doesn't like.
But DMC is a good anime because it's funny as it should be. Some metalheads may be offended by the way our behaviour is portrayed here, but we're not really like that, that's what I wanted to say in the first place.
I'm not sure if someone will ever read this not-so-review I left here, but I still want to say that metalheads are really nice and intelligent people. Not every single one of us is doing drugs and getting drunk daily, not every single one of us is aggressive and talks dirty. This kind of metalhead is the most known and it hurts the rest of us because everyone thinks we're the same. Some of us believe in God and some of us don't, and we respect each other's decision by not trying to indoctrinate the other. Not every single one of us burnes churches and is a satanist, here depeding on what kind of satanism we're talking about.
However, the anime is enjoyable even if the character's design is not so appaling.
DMC is an drama, comedy, action, slice of life, romance show about this guy named sou-kun and krauser.
Story- Nothing too special just a ordinary story with a simple plot around a young man's going through everyday life problems.
Art- A bit different from your everyday anime , but very bland colors and lighting(wrong shadow direction in some parts). Besides Krausers everyone else just looks japanese and yes I know its supposed to be japanese ppl but today's standard anime have characters with unique colors all over. All i see is black and white nippon nippon! -_-
Sound- Best opening song I've heard in awhile.MURDER RAPE
MURDER RAPE I KILLED MY PARENTS!!!! Manly tears were shed...and no im not kidding. Anime needs more of this.
Characters-Sokoon is some loser that hasnt asked out the girl he liked for like several years since they met. They have everything in common like berry melon tea to rainbows & rabbits. So like they meet at music store then chat about their boring. lives. Then Sokoon tells her that he has an awesome band and would for to come to his concert, but Sokoon lied. Later that day he asked his best friend Krauser l to play along. Krauser agreed though he did asked for a special fee. And that how their crazy adventure started.
Krauser: The King of Rape nuff said.
Enjoyment- I LOL'D throughout its extreme & weird relationship between krauser and sokoon.
I don't know why it's rare to find a comedy anime that makes you really laugh until tears are flooding from your eyes,but,what if someone asked you to describe a comedy anime that makes you laugh, the answer is simply: GO WATCH DETROIT METAL CITY.
Firstly, I find it hard to categorize this anime, because of it's uniqueness
The story is about a young man called Souichi Negishi, due to his love for music decides to move from the country side to the city(to attend school of arts or whatever...) wishing that one day he will become a famous stylish POP singer and singing happy songs
about love and peace and all idealistic subjects, finally, his wish came true, he did become a famous singer and gained a huge popularity using the alias: Johannes Krauser II,but with some details that he never expected, like becoming a member of a DEATH METAL BAND (yes DEATH METAL band lml) and being considered as the demon-lord while all his songs are about: RAPE, MURDER,or being a TERRORIST STRAIGHT OUT OF HELL.All this changing will make his life harder and harder so a lots of questions come to mind : how can he survive in the death metal scene without exposing his true identity?can he really maintain a balance between his 2 personalities ?and finally,how will the world accept him is it as :Soichi Negishi or Johannes Krauser II.
The story was honestly very appealing you don't something like that every day and the way that they put a lot of messages in this work makes it really a masterpiece,So I will state them as conclusions:
1) Life can be really hard on everyone, making us do things we didn't even thought about or opposing what we were hoping for, you can see that clearly in this story, what the MC was doing not because he likes it or anything but the irony of fate did missed with his life.So if we want to conclude the first message: DON'T JUDGE PEOPLE FROM THEIR DEEDS, BUT, YOU SHOULD JUDGE THEIR(DEED) BACKGROUND.
2) People will only care about your evil side, the way is Johannes Krauser II famous and taking the media's and people interests, while Soichi Negish is considred just a human being whose existence doesn't mean anything.Second message:a recipe to become well known : just be evil, you won't need anything else.
3)Once you start doing something: work, hobby... etc.Be sure that there's a way back or else you'll be put in a situation where there's no going back,and no matter how much you hate that situation one day you'll start to being used it and enjoy it.
3rd message :Stay away from Quicksand.
After analysing these messages we will discover that this isn't a pure comedy but in reality is a dark humour where we laugh about things we shouldn't.
Finally, let's leave all the disappointment and bad feelings and enjoy this work.
the story was unique,but you could see clearly that even the art is unique ,it isn't great nor the low quality.The studio based their animations on making scenes that move quickly and a little bit dark ,we can explain this by the following thesis: the whole anime is about a death metal band and knowing that the metal music usually consist on fast rhythms and deliberate stresses, as result they create an accordance between the story and the art and that's really brilliant.
I think what I said about the art can be applied either on the sound, because if you watch it you will notice that the voice acting is a little bit fast and that also can be explained by the THESIS I stated above.Also, you can feel the coldness in the voice acting I don't know why I keep feeling that but I think it exists anyway, is it because the story's Vicissitudes and they made the sound acting cold to absorb it so that they can create a balance
With DETROIT METAL CITY I discovered a new meaning of enjoyment.The fact that no matter how many times I watched it and every time was like my first time was like my first. And like I said in the beginning of this review it's rare to find something like this, because , anime with music as a theme are always about how can the characters achieve their goals, friendship, teamwork... While this anime has nothing like that.Also, what make D.M.C so enjoyable is every time you watch an episode you'll watch the next and the next unconsciously like a magnet field that keeps dragging you until the end.
Now I reached the end of my review I just want to say that DETROIT METAL CITY is one of it's kind. I highly recommend it,also it won't take a lot of time to watch it.You will experience a new way of entertainment and a new meaning of life if you like to know what behind the stories.
Notice: if hesitate watching it(D.M.C) because of the theme is about death-metal don't let that scare you or anything the death-metal thing is just a spice to make the story enjoyable and memorable.
It will sound a little bit cheesy but the perfect phrase for DMC is 'brilliance at the best'. If the musics of the anime influences your final judgement and you like rock/metal music, I bet you will love this one too. This is one of the most funny series I have watched so far (I even nearly fall from my chair) but the comedy factor is far from elegant, but beside the crude jokes you may catch the witty ones. The story might not be sophisticated at first glance (a music band trying to get famous (or legend!)) but the still I
always got surprised at every episode, and it is hard to guess the next step and besides the main character is actually suffering from multiple personality disorder (at least I think so) which is the twist that the series is based on. The animation is just perfect (even though you might misjudge it at first), the style fits to the story telling as a glove, the facial expression of the characters makes me burst with laughter or the concert scenes are so good that they make me believe I am actually at a DMC concert! So I always enjoy and expect the next episode with great excitement. I might be biased but I am truly impressed with this anime, it is one of a kind, fresh, fun and have a great soundtrack.
[Story: 7.5] Taking on the old Jekyll and Hyde concept with a new twist, Detroit Metal City is a comedy about Negishi, who for some strange reason, ended up singing for a band of the genre he hates the most. There, he takes up the persona of Krauser II, a supposed deranged escaped convict. The setting for DMC thus brings forth the question: how different is it between the performers' stage personae and their actual lives? How much of the so-called scandal and tales of debauchery publicized on the media true? However, that's a minor detail. The real humor lies in how Negishi gradually loses
control of his Krauser persona, who will break out and end up committing outrageous things the shy and mild-mannered Negishi will never dream of doing. Like raping Tokyo Tower, for example (yeah, its that kind of show).
Second key aspect of the series is the portrayal of the band's fandom. Much of the humor comes from the ridiculous behaviors of fans in their blind worship for Krauser, crowning him as an invincible demon lord and constantly coming up with crazy theories to build up Krauser's legends. Just like what real-life fans of various types of hobbies/ subjects tend to do, it's practically a satire of what fan dumb can be like.
[Characters: 7.5] Main focus of the series is of course on Negishi who leads a dual life. He loves Swedish pop but people think he's terrible at it. Thus, whatever attempts at debuting in that genre is futile. On the other hand, he hates Death Metal but the band he leads is a legend. As such, the gags in each episode involves how the timid Negishi unconsciously becomes increasingly dependent on the insane Krauser as his stress relief, using him to vent his long pent up frustration or solve his problems in an exaggerated manner. Sometimes the results are good, though most of the time it's with disastrous consequences. Either way they're downright hilarious.
[Art: 6.0] The art is ugly; no, it's deliberately bad. In a way, its 'cheapness' creates its own style for the series. Furthermore, some of the gags were made funnier because of the ugly facial expressions the characters put up - think GTO for reference.
[Music: 7.5] Just like the story, its music is a sheer refuge in audacity. The lyrics in the OP (and pretty much the entire point of the band's songs) are so crude that it is funny, albeit in a morbid sort of way. This is juxtaposed with the more sweet and bubbly ED - again, pretty much the entire point of the series.
[Summary] Needless to say, the dialogues and gags are often offensive in more way than one, so the humor style of Detroit Metal City may not be to everyone's taste. Nevertheless, if you’re looking for something different, e.g. comedy with elements of satire in it, DMC is worth giving a try. The ending is rather inconclusive, but that’s mainly due to the fact that the manga is still on-going.
Personal Overall Rating: 7.0
Detroit Metal City isn't just a celebration of extreme heavy metal in the form of a parody, but it is also a brilliant comedy show. The funniest elements here are the filthy language and bizarre sex simulations (but without erotic content or intent, just humor), both part of Krauser's extreme performances on stage or sometimes offstage. The bad and usually unexpected behavior of Krauser-san is the biggest reason why this show is so funny.
The animation is not that good, but it's purposeful. At the first time, I stranged the different screen sizes showed along the episodes, but it just help with the drama.
character dubbing is pretty good. It uses a lot of the appel of the fast speech, a feature very common in comedy and that works wonderfully well here.
The only problem with the sound is (believe it) the music. DMC is said to play death metal, but the band doesn't sound as death metal at all (despite the violent lyrics). It sounds like groove metal with some hard rock influence. But, of course this doesn't compromise the fun and it will only be notice by metal fans (or maybe not).
Negishi is a shy boy that loves only romantic pop music. He eventually gets a job as the demonic lead singer of a extreme heavy metal band. Now he is the Lord Johannes Krauser II, a demon terrorist born in hell that killed his parents at a young age ... And the fans respect him for doing that (lol)! Krauser is also known by his crazy guitar performances and his fast guitar picking skills of "10 rapes a second"!
Well, Negishi's alter ego stage performances and behaviour represents the exact oposite of his personality. So Negishi begins to use the feeling of power and freedom of Krauser's persona to exteriorize his anger and dislike about how things usually go wrong with him.
When both personalities collide, the victim is often the very naïve and friendly Yuri Aikawa, Negishi's romantic interest.
DMC evil looking is accompanied by outrageous lyrics. They are a collection of bad language and sick stories about demons, murder and rape, that are so bad that you can do nothing but laugh at them.
The overall plot revolves around Negishi trying to conciliate his double life, trying to leave the extreme metal band to perform his desired pop career, while DMC rises from underground to become a mainstream success, winning more and more crazy fans.
- Other characters
It is one of the few anime where I like all the characters. They are very catchy.
Probably the most important character here is the "president" (Death Records manager) that controls DMC's acts and intimidates the shy protagonist, who is never able to leave the band. She is a crazy chick that gets sexually stimulated by DMC absurd lyrics! lol
Other interesting character is the Pig of Capitalism, a masochist middle-aged man paid to suffer any kind of humilliation by Krauser durant DMC concerts (and yes, he likes it).
Besides Krauser, DMC is formed by Camus (drummer) and Jagi-sama (bassist).
Nishida (Camus) is for sure the craziest of the trio. His stage performance is not as rockish or bizarre as Negishi's, but he is a crazy guy with or without the make-up. When offstage, Nishida usually speaks disconnected bad language, and I think nobody understands him lol
It's also important to notice that all metalhead (or heavy metal fans) seem to have some serious mental problems ... DMC fans are fanatic followers. They seem to believe that Krauser is really a demon! And the fans weirdest dreams are to be killed or raped by Krauser-san!
The only normal metalhead portraited here is Masayuki Wada (Jagi-sama), that knows that the proper moment to act like a crazy metal demon is onstage.
Nevertheless, he also wants to leave DMC to start a new band. He wants to play in a Visual Kei band like X Japan (still metal) or L'Arc~en~Ciel (not metal).
As a metal fan, sometimes I don't know if I should get offended by this, but it's just hilarious! Detroit Metal City, as I said, is a parody of heavy metal over-the-top theatricality and "tr00" fans. And probably, knowing heavy metal as I do, I can have more fun with this. Highly recommended.
Laughed my ass off! I've been watching anime for 25 years and I can't remember anything this damned funny!
My only 2 wishes were that these were full length episodes and that there were more episodes coming!
When Negishi's ability to compartmentalize his true self from that of Krauser starts to crumble the situations become absolutely hilarious. It's what this entire anime is about and it's fresh and wonderful to watch.
You've seen a story like this before. 'Boy leads a double life, and that double life are polar opposites.' However, I find it rare in comedies, even in dark comedies like this piece of work. One point off because I found something... missing.
Each of the characters are interesting and adds to the comedy. However, really only Negishi really gets some character development. But, this is a comedy, people only watch for laughs, not character development.
I really liked the art style of this dark anime. Dark, very fitting for this type of anime.
Sound/Voice Acting: 10/10
Without a doubt, one of the more stronger points
of the anime. There's different kinds of music, mainly the calm pop Negishi plays and the... death metal Krauser plays. I liked them all.
As for the voice acting, (Japanese dubbed, English subbed) all of the characters were very fitting-sounding.
A great anime with its share of flaws. BUT BE WARNED. This isn't an anime for everyone. If you hate crude humor, (as in, using rape, sex, drugs as humor) don't even touch this anime.
Detroit Metal City is the most unique anime I've come across. This show is hilarious from beginning to end. And I really wish it was longer.
To be honest, the art wasn't incredible. What DMC lacked in art style, however, they made up for in content. The plot was so unique and unlike any other anime I've seen. I just wish there was more of a solid ending than the one in the anime. (This is part of the reason why I want to watch the live action movie. I want to see how they interpreted the ending.)
What I loved about it the most were
the characters. Even the side characters were hilarious and had personality. What other anime has a character called the "Pig of Capitalism"?
Bottom line: it is very easy to love this anime. I'm one of those people that say they love an anime as soon as they watch it but then over time the feeling and excitement fades and it turns into more of a "strong like" than "love". But it's been almost a month after watching this anime and I am still praising it.
At first I was misled by the beginning of the show into thinking that it wasn't going to be that good. Fuck, was I wrong...
Detroit Metal City is one of the funniest and brilliant shows ever created and is the best metal parody I have ever seen.
Detroit Metal City doesn't consist of one main story, but is broken into different segments. For this kind of show, this was a good choice.
Each individual story is hilarious, consisting of bizarre situations the characters find themselves in, and full of raunchy jokes which involve raping the Tokyo Tower, masochism, spitting into people's
mouths, drugs, public rape, alcohol, and of course a trendy rape cafe. It is jaw dropping, provoking, and ultimately hysterical. I have watched this show with all my friends and they love it!!!
The artwork isn't top notch, but this kind of show doesn't need masterful artwork anyways. The animation is smooth and artwork has a comic book style tone to it, perfect for the show.
The best part of Detroit Metal City is the bipolar character named Negishi. He has two personas, one where he is a trendy weak guy who listens to Swedish Pop, and the other where he is Krauser II, the most brutal metal musician in Japan.
At first I thought that Krauser II was kind of like Negishi's mask and he only played metal music, because his other music didn't make any money. But as the series went on, I learned that Krauser II is very much a part of Negishi and his identity, as well as his frustrations.
As Krauser II, Negishi can do all the things he can't do as Negishi. He is definitely one of the most badass and crazy characters I have ever seen, as his two personalities completely conflict with each other.
Detroit Metal City has great music, but isn't exactly death metal as the anime proclaims. In fact, it is hard to classify what classification of metal DMC belongs to, because their music is very original and not like any other band's. Also, DMC's music probably contains more swearing and profanity than the lyrics of most death metal band's.
The only other metal parody I know of is Metalocaplyse. I would say Metalocalypse has more blood and gore, while Detroit Metal City has more swearing. Both are GREAT metal parodies and are classics in my book, but DMC is just a little bit funnier.
DMC is a one of a kind show and is definitely worth your time, as long as you are not offended by excessive swearing and vulgar themes. I recommend this show to primarily teenagers.