English: Prison School
Synonyms: Kangoku Gakuen
Published: Feb 7, 2011 to ?
Authors: Hiramoto, Akira (Story & Art)
Serialization: Young Magazine (Weekly)
Score: 8.311 (scored by 13670 users)
1 indicates a weighted score
2 based on the top manga page. Please note that 'R18+' titles are excluded.
First of all the art is stunning, it's actually what lead me to read this. It doesn't matter if you're a boy or a girl, the manga is just visually appealing from beginning to end (of course if you happen to like women this is, well some sort of pervy heaven xD); every single detail, every single action, everything is perfect. Then the characters: oh the characters. There's no such thing as a dull character here, they all have their thing that makes them unique and great in their own way, you won't forget anyone, and you'll miss them if they're not around. And last but not least is the story, the plot is let's say "simple" but that doesn't mean is boring, or bad, actually everything that happens is completely unexpected and unpredictable. They manage to disguise serious issues like bullying, betrayal, jealousy and many others with such hilarity and cleaverness that you will overlook the fact that actually pretty ugly stuff happens in this series main storyline. God this is just so fun and so refreshing to read, the kind of humor presented in this series is so so so basic yet so so so damn good... I sincerely hope this ends as good as it started, or at least as silly. Ah I sound like a teenage girl in love, do i?. I really really really love this manga and I hope everybody else does too. read more
I really dislike hentai, and I avoid ecchi whenever possible. This manga stayed on my "plan to watch" list for a while, before I finally picked in up and finished 144 chapter in one day (actually, two days, because I finished long after midnight).
Is there a lot of ecchi in Kangoku Gakuen? Yes, unfortunately. BUT! Bigger half of it is made into a joke or something funny, and so it doesn't feel like straight fanservice.
The second half of ecchi is so overboard and unrealistic that I make a typical "WTF?!"-face and quickly forget about it. Example: a girl, who sweats all over her body, so much she creates a puddle of sweat under her.
You laugh 80% of the time, so what's more to say? There seems to be a plot, but that's in the backgorund. Comedy is a priority in this manga (along with ecchi).
I have a rule, anyone who draws better than me is good. I give 9/10, because I prefer some censorship. As I said before, I don't like ecchi. If ecchi was less visible and more up-to-your-imagination, this manga would be getting 10/10 from me.
Each character is unique. Each one is different. Some are more "normal" and some are really not "normal". They learn, experience life, change with time and screw up a lot, or maybe it's just that life is hard and usually against you.
Me reading this manga looks like this:
Hahahahahahahahahahahah, ew ecchi, hahahahahahahahahahah.
So is it worth reading? If you cannot find anything truly funny, and you really want to laugh, yes.
So what about ecchi? You cannot get rid of it, but you can try to develop a magical eye, called "ecchi-no-mushi-gan", also knows as "ecchi-ignore eye".
DO NOT, (let me repeat:) DO NOT read this, if someone else may accidentally see the screen. This manga can be very easily identified as PORN, so the best is to have a wall behind you, if you're planning to read this. Also, make sure there's no window on that wall. read more
The story focuses on a strict female high school where boys starts to be welcome and on the five boys who get in this high school: The typical well-intentioned protagonist Kiyoshi, who he gets into trouble because of misunderstandings, his childhood friend, Shingo, a Japanese history freak and the one who will figure out most of the plans (And also my favorite character) Gakuto, a masochist fat boy whose face is very small compared with his head, Andrei, and the most mysterious one, Jô, who is always covered by a hood and always when he attempts to talk starts coughing blood. These five boys will be in a situation where many of us would love to be: living in a high school with over 1000 girls and being the only males. However this is not as easy for them, since their shyness prevents them from talking to girls and end up being totally marginalized. And to make matters worse, on his first night there, they have brilliant idea of going to peep the girls while showering (how could it be otherwise), which triggers that they end up catching them and locking in a prison is in school. From here begins their new life as prisoners, making plans to survive all kinds of new misunderstandings and accidents and even to escape from it.
Despite this plot, Prison School is above all a comedy with a very Japanese, eschatological, adult and sometimes strange humor, but above all very very porn humor. But is not the kind of topic ecchi that is extremely cliche and many of us dislike, it is a kind of ecchi that -despite some scenes of vice prez- in my opinion is very well run, which does not seem pure fanservice, and which shows openly naked girls but also knows how to suggest perfectly by showing very little, all of this being really helped by the excellent and realistic drawing of Akira Hiramoto (although as I said, in some scenes you can see the influence of hentai in the vice prez, you know, with these absurdly large and sweaty breasts and hips...). I personally do not like neither ecchi stories nor fanservice in general, although, as an heterosexual guy, if I see a (reallistically drawn) naked girl it wont displease me.
Another strength of Prison School is how addictive results its reading. Its beginning is really strong and gives a very favorable first impression, and left a great intrigue for what will happen. Furthermore that feeling is maintained for the rest of the manga. Almost all chapters end with a new extreme situation that you want to see how the protagonists settle with. And as they are always very original occurrences, each more amazing, this makes your expectations grow as the series progresses, but it never disappoint. In fact there is truly epic scenes, for example in one scene the protagonist Kiyoshi, is forced to answer correctly the question that the director asked him "Which do you prefer? Tits or ass? Why ? ". The answer given by Kiyoshi and the whole scene itself will endure forever in my memory as one of the best scenes I've ever read in a manga.
In general, is a good manga Prison School? My final note is 8 / 10. It is clearly a very fun and interesting manga, which you will undoubtedly enjoy so much unless you hate any ecchi or you unfortunately have a very closed mind on these issues. Whatever, I recommend that at least bear it a chance and do not listen to those which say that this manga is only for perverts. As I said, Prison School's ecchi is not like other fanservices. Besides the ecchi in Prison School is not the best of it. Mental duels where characters map out strategies and this kind of things, the realistic drawing and the humor is in my oppinion the best of it. And although it is too early to judge it, I am convinced that it won't disappoint me, this manga is like a snowball, I know it will only get better. read more
Final Score as of chapter 46 - 10/10
This is my first review, so sorry if it sucked and it probably did. And for those who say "how can this guy even review this, Kangoku Gakuen is not even done" - well, I know Kangoku Gakuen can only get better. It's like the snowball effect, just epic. read more
But these old moralists are swift to forget this unity, for they draught themselves with the Opium haze of Logic and Systemized Axiomatization, and forget that fire rises in moods and cuts through the spick-and-span of a glassy sculpture, of Babel born from Mathematick and grave disillusion towards the bloody parts. For did the old poet of Ireland spake once:
“It seems that I must bid the Muse go pack,
Choose Plato and Plotinus for a friend
Until imagination, ear and eye,
Can be content with argument and deal
In abstract things; or be derided by
A sort of battered kettle at the heel.”
As to sing in fear and tremor at the prospect of it, that things are wild and not rightly with the world, or that, as another philosopher of tongue would profess, that life at its very bottom be “Nasty, Brutish, and Short”.
As to what bears this brutality to itself, we must speak of Lust, or, as denoted within the representation by Bosch, Luxuria, the spiteful imp the rises within both genders, and engenders them to blackest ignominy and intoxication of the flesh, for do we not hear of so countless ‘crymes of passion’? Or of so hundreds more rapes and destructions of the tightest chastity, that occurs in periods of perilous stryfe? This blackest beast be heavy in the heart of all that is appearance innocent and pure, and maliciously bears its mark upon thee image of any loveliest maiden or soulful prince whose loins be wet with the sulfuric slime of the pit, and ignites into all who catch sight of this aspect of symmetry.
But let it be known that we are not like those stiff-up necked souls of the past, for we hast entered into good progress with ourselves, and made awareness of the fact that this unity of Angel and Beast could hardly be excised, in one percentage or the other, for fear of splitting apart the balance that should exist within a personality. For this enfabled concept of ‘repression’ has spread itself around, as butter to toast, that whoever has his bread and shalt not eat it, shall suffer from pangs of the gut and pains himself to be unproductive in his daily discourse. To prevent such discontent society, lesser has been said of man’s recourse to what was once prevailed as the ‘darkest of darknesses’, and generally we are free to mingle and co-mingle in the tawdry heat of our own desirous groping.
And what more a way to celebrate such an occasion, as never seen before in the entire history of Man, that such which was once begot lashes and chains, be brought to higher confirmation and acceptance, than to so sanctify it in the sphere of the highest Arts, and thus we have Akira Hiramoto, who, as Da-Vinci intersected with Egon Schiele, does draw fair image in representation, but mixed with the ignominy of the twisted neurosis. For he hath the very urge to ‘represent thee to Nature’, but mixed with resplendent horror is his expression, in that he bears Nature in a lascivious veil, and so makes agony of human fire. For here is Man, brought to bear in all his discomforts and fecality! The piss and the violation, that should’st exist, as so remarked: “Inter Faeces et Urinam Nascimur”. T’is, here, merely an honouration of the Saint’s words.
Who else can bear to represent such diversity of expression, in the midst of such shades of human impropriety! For surely this Hiramoto must be some laughing visage brought down from the age of Rabelais, who, with his wit and pen, so warned: “Good friends, my Readers, who peruse this Book, Be not offended, whilst on it you look: Denude yourselves of all depraved affection, For it contains no badness, nor infection: 'Tis true that it brings forth to you no birth Of any value, but in point of mirth; Thinking therefore how sorrow might your mind Consume, I could no apter subject find; One inch of joy surmounts of grief a span; Because to laugh is proper to the man.”
And, indeed, with pain and cruelty painted, does come laughter! Frivolous majestic laughter! Whence in the toil and trouble of daily persuasion comes such a titter of pure delight, as comes from the heart of he who is touched by such a tome, though tinged slightly with a menace. But t’is still a rightly menace, for it is menace done with the purpose of the curling of the jowls! Heavens forbade that this humble narrative of the struggles & collusions of five youths, as to their endeavor in the attainment of wet T-shirts and frilly panties should’st brings to bear the idea that the artist is a cur! Heaven less forbade that this market a sign of Caina upon the reader’s ecstatic brow! In laughter suspendeth the judgment, for the release of such wings causes no heaviness to be held within.
But should he, critic, be of stringy and flaccid acceptance, and like a Shibari-ed nurse, feel the some lengthy violation within his rectal crevasses! Shalt I only advise to assume the lubrication of a smile, such that, in Life, as well as other things, does the pain enter well and smoothly, and not cause any sufferance upon him, for stiffness in attitude begets a woeful susceptibility to the whims and bends of Nature, and like any good Stoic, should he learn to take it up rightly!
For starters, the art wasn't half bad. Characters are somewhat distinguishable, the backgrounds function properly, and the FANSERVICE panels are meticulously detailed in all of their glory. Oh, and get used to seeing labia, because that comprises approximately 10% of all panels. The girls are cute (kinda?) and the faces the boys make are 100% pure reaction image material, and that's what really matters, right?
When it comes to actual substance, Prison School has... well, none. From the very get-go, it's established that there are four boys in an all-girl school, and they get thrown into the school prison where all the naughty boys go. While this premise is certainly idiotic, it's not completely uncreative, so good job I guess? The problem is that the first arc plays out like a generic escape flick, except with BOOBIES and BUTTS and PEEING and POOPING. Was this manga written by a fourth-grader? The second arc (which I didn't read) involves the prison girls trying to expel the boys, and the third arc is whatever something something who even cares at this point. The story moves along at a decent pace, but the obnoxious abuse of cliffhangers only further shows that Prison School can't rely on its own merits as a story to get readers to continue. Why does an all-girls school suddenly allow boys to enter? Why is there even a prison? What is the point of all this? The manga answers these questions with a resounding "i dunno lol".
The characters themselves are all complete nonsense; nobody seems to have anything resembling a working human brain. All of the men are masochistic sexfiends (except for the main character of course) and all of the women are sadistic dominatrices (except for the main love interest of course). The banter between characters is either about escape, butts, boobs, shit, or some combination of the four. The characters occasionally make funny faces, but that hardly makes up for the otherwise dry delivery. No background, no character development, absolutely nothing worth remembering. And for the jokes? The supposed best part of the series? It's all elementary to middle school-level poopoo peepee jokes, usually eliciting a groan of frustration rather than bouts of laughter. I remember slightly chuckling only once when four-eyes purposefully shit himself in class. But who cares? There is a lot of T and A, and panty shots galore! Don't think! Don't analyze! Just look at the lady parts!
I honestly cannot see any merit in reading Prison School. It's low-level entertainment. read more
The art is great, and some times it looks almost Gantz realistic. But, what's really surprising is while this is a super uncensored ecchi series it has great characters, they're all interesting and they all have good development. The story is so ridiculous that it's hard not to like this. I have to stop reading multiple times because I'm just laughing my butt off so much, or because I actually hold my arms up and cheer whenever a character pulls off their goal.
Something that is very rare in manga, is super intense suspense. The greats can pull it off like Naoki Urasawa, but Prison School is nail bitingly good. It brings in wall after wall of trouble that the characters have to go through and I swear my heart was racing multiple times reading this.
If you can handle nudity, and sexual themes that accompany Ecchi series, then I'd strongly recommend you to check this out. read more
This said, i think the story is amazing. I liked particularly the amazing skills Akira has to create embarrassing situations. And I can't say a thing about the art, it is just perfect! All characters have personality and it is coherent along with the story. Also, you have physical appearances for all tastes, not just the classic ecchi with big breasts only (you have plenty of that though haha).
Anyways, I say is totally worth it, it will make you laugh - guaranteed! read more
The school, where everything is happening, has more than a thousand female and only FIVE male students. Nevertheless, the story almost lacks any references to harem or any stereotypes that are often present in such kind of stories. After facing some plot twists, it's most likely that you want to keep on reading it with interest. And after facing some awkward situations, it's most likely that you laugh your head off.
Though fanservice is more than 50% percent of the whole manga, the relationship between characters is described rather seriously. You will face the themes of friendship, love, betrayal and humiliation. You will see the characters from different sides and start feeling with them, even if you were ready to punch them recently.
Finally, the brightest pearl of the manga is its outstanding art. It expresses the characters' emotions as perfectly as it is possible. And it is so impressive that you can even disconnect from the reality sometimes.
While being very entertaining, this manga will kill your bad mood as brutally as you can imagine. If you are not an ardent fanservice hater, you are sure to love it! read more
This manga is extremely mature as in lots of pantsu, big breasts and ero angles.
If you like funny jokes about hurting (s&m) people this is the manga you're looking for.
The story is about five males entering the prison as punishment for opeeping at the girls change room. The manga shows their struggle and their bond with each other as males.
That may be a hasty thing to say considering that it is not completed yet. It could turn mediocre at one point in time, or the already high levels of fan-service could skyrocket to the point of no plot... It won't though.
Prison school is ecchi manga with a awesome plot on the side.
Our plot starts with Kiyoshi, a fun loving guy who wants to have a sweet girlfriend, and four other boys (with similar interests) going to an all-girls school that just recently became co-ed. During the opening ceremony they realize that they are the only boys in a school which has over a thousand female students.
This situation causes to boys to naturally form a strong bond with each other as men.
One night they decide to go peeping on the girls bath.
After a great deal of shenanigans, which includes Kiyoshi going directly into the bath, they are caught by the student council and are sentenced to stay in an old prison on school grounds for a month.
Stuck behind bars, and being subjected to all kinds of "'inhumane" treatment, these boys must stick together in order to withstand their hellish school life.
the story never disappoints with its twists and turns as you watch these boys grow into men.
And by men I mean perverted masochistic bastards who do nothing but piss off all the women around them.
The author is always throwing new, interesting, and downright hardcore things for the characters to do. There is never a dull moment.
Speaking of characters, There are five male protagonists:
Kiyoshi, the star of the series who never ceases to shine. He is nice guy who just wants to have a normal romance filled school life. Out of all the guys he is the most "normal."
Morokuzu, the glasses wearing otaku who is willing to anything to help out his friends. He is the backbone of the group. Even while being subjected to all forms of abuse he still keeps a cool head and takes the hits for his friends.
Shingo, the slick ladies man, who keeps his hair slicked back and resolve in his pocket. His only wish is freedom. He will do anything to be on the outside world.
Andou, the big man with a small face. He is quiet, unless he is talking of his darkest desires. Strong, silent, and enjoys a good beating. He is the brawn of the crew.
Jouji Nezo, The mysterious hooded man of few words. He is cursed with a disease that causes him to cough blood involuntarily. Because of the pain, he uses expletives in nearly every sentence, whether he needs them or not. He is caring, forgiving, intelligent, and can handle himself in a fight. He is the jack of all trades.
Jouji is my favorite character. He grows as a person much faster than all the other characters.
His lines while short, are hilarious.
His constant suffering is reflected in his personality, but he never dicks around like the rest of the crew.
His high pain tolerance, caused by years of grief, make him the most mentally strong character in the cast
I never fail to have a good time if Jouji is on the page.
The art is amazing.
The author draws quality art quickly. The scenery, designs, and expressions are some of the best on the market.
I am really enjoying Prison School.
The typical twenty page chapters never disappoint.
I cannot wait to see the direction which this story goes and the paths the characters take.
Best wishes for the future,
This ... thing, that manga is just so so epic. You can't find look alikes mangas any better than this one. Well of course, I'm hasty that's for sure, it could still turn mediocre later, but in my opinion I guess not. Its fan-service, its art, characters and storyline are so unique that I think keeping up like that, on those high-levels would certainly come to a brilliant succes. Akira-sensei is back with this manga so he'll surely make his possible to not let it down.
Anyway, for now at least (chapter 76 at this moment) I laughed my ass off, it's mind-blowingly awesome ! :D
Seriously, I don't regret it.
P.S : It's my first review so, I don't know if this helps, but I promise that until now, it's really worth it.
Another big plus of this manga is the artwork, the artist's talent is apparent from chapter 1. There is great attention to detail, and the characters are all very distinguishable from one another.
Speaking of characters, this is another area where this manga shines. The characters are all very unique with their various quirks. Although some of their habits and fetishes are somewhat strange, it almost makes them more realistic because let's be honest, human beings are very strange creatures.
The story would probably be the weakest part of this manga, there's a lot that needs to be explained. The idea is interesting, but you really have to just accept some of the things going on because its hard to make sense of it realistically.
I highly recommend this to any guy, although I suppose girls could enjoy it if they want a view into how teenage guys think. read more
Note : This manga is not for everybody , It has excessive fan service , dark humor and general "fendom" like feel . For all who do not understand fendom, it stands for a relationship between a guy and a girl where the girl overpowers the guy but this manga is not about romance , but it does have a bit of Romance in it .
Scores ( quick ) :
Story : 3/10
Art : 9/10
Character : 5/10
Enjoyment : 7/10
Overall : 6/10
+ Original Plot ( but it goes nowhere )
+ Excessive fan service ( if you like that stuff)
+ Good "Dark" comedy and mature jokes
+ Good Art
+ It's different from the general ecchi mangas
+ Serves good as only a "Stand alone comedy"
+ Too many losers
+ Plot seems to have no direction
+ Comedy is not for everyone ( Some people will be annoyed and some will not find it funny )
+ Comedy lacks sometimes
+ Excessive Fanservice ( can also be a bad thing for some )
+ Most times it just feels like a purely "Ecchi based" manga
The story is about a few wimpy boys getting caught while peeking at girls and being "Jailed in the School" because of it , off course we have a protagonist who was innocent but got caught in the whole mess . The plot seems quite interesting and good for a romance/ecchi at the beginning but then it shifts to become a completely "Ecchi/Comedy" manga with far less potential .
The starting plot is fine but no real carry through after that . But the jokes and situations are well executed in my opinion .And they also form part of the plot, so I think it's decent .
If you like fanservice , you will like this manga , I did enjoy the art a lot . The artist has good skills , I also like the Author's shading quality .
The character are mostly losers , they certainly do have their own separate personalities , but there isn't much out there , is it ? They are pretty much average character no matter how i look at them .
This manga is enjoyable if you like dark humor and ecchi . I myself like Ecchi a bit and I can tolerate all kinds of humor , So found it entertaining . Although sometimes I have felt myself irritated a lot that the characters need to man up and be strong but I realize that is not what this manga is . It's humor is quite different and it is based on this premise .
While this manga might not be everyone's cup of tea , it sure can be read once , some of the situations can be quite funny .
I didn't know where I was going into when I started Kangoku Gakuen, I was just hormone-driven by the few pictures I saw scattered through the web and I took my courage to finally go into a reverse google images search to find the source of all this lewdness and achieve what my mind ruined by the internet told me to.
Alas, what awaited me at the end of this journey wasn't the pleasure of seeing scantily clad high school girls having fun in daily school activities but a fantastic adventure into the depths of male friendship and honor through the hardships of female domination to find a way through the key of their hearts, all of this for one thing : True love.
What we see here is an odyssey. Through all the incredible comedy that is packed into this scatological work and left me no other choices but to burst into laughter countless times, there is also this unbreakable bond that lies between those five incredible boys, so different yet united against the enemy and ready to shatter the wall that lies between men and women.
And it made me a better man.
The amount of lewdness that is packed in this work of art will render you impervious to all urges whatsoever, becoming as strong-willed as a shaolin monk. It will satisfy all of your fetishes one by one without fail to the point that the only thing will be left in your mind is pure thoughts, as if you're floating in the middle of a river with only the sound of the water gently chirping your ears. It will allow you to use this pure moment to think about what you really need in your life and to take another look at what you really cherish on this earth.
At the end, you have to ask this to yourself : is a woman really the solution to everything ? Maybe we men should think and focus about our personal responsibilities first, just like these five boys did and managed to succeed in the high school life to become grown-up men that will be ready to face everything. This is what we really need and Kangoku Gakuen addresses this issue perfectly. read more
How I Felt: For me the story seems a bit lackluster, I mean there are plenty of stories that involve a male character being in an all girls school but by putting 5 it made it slightly more interesting but the fact that the story is more or less about their imprisonment for the first 70-80 chapters because they peeped just made it a bit disappointing. It's still interesting and definitely portrays the story in a good way, but just to me it wasn't super intriguing. -The Artwork is definitely the best part about this manga because it has great detail and shows how much the creator put his/her heart into it. The only thing I disliked about it though is that I felt that some of the characters were underdone or just not cared for example Andou, he's fat but unrealistically fat with a giant head a small face and giant ear lobes, he felt the most underdone character just for comedy sake. Also Shingo was alright but can we seriously not get anymore characters that look like their from Grease with their hair slicked back with the one hair going down the middle? -As said before the manga goes deeply into how the character's interact with each other but for me I honestly didn't give a Rat Tooth about most of them. All of the other male character's didn't really matter to me no matter how hard I wanted to try and care for them, they just seemed uninteresting to me and were there to support Kiyoshi even though the story constantly tries to show their own side stories as well to make you care for them but it just didn't do the trick for me. -As for how interesting or joyful this manga is, it was very low for me personally. Mostly because the majority of the story took place in the prison and how badly the guys were being treated by a woman who kinda isn't a woman. The most interesting part of this entire story for me was the kiss encounter between Kiyoshi and Hana, that was interesting and definitely got me intrigued.
Major Grips: I'll just say it now but the unrealism is unbelievable in some cases. I know its a manga and its not supposed to be realistic but considering the art and how they grasp the concept I can't help but feel a bit annoyed. 1. The whole prison school thing is probably the most unrealistic thing I ever heard, I know some private schools make you sign a waiver saying you allow them to punish you but being put into a prison is Illegal. Unless its Juvy. Just saying. 2. Is there seriously not a single piece of fabric that confines Meiko's body? I know shes really there for sex appeal and all but she just shows it off too much to the point where I feel more annoyed than anything. Plus it bugs me that she gets all hot around the president... 3. The whole relationship thing between Kiyoshi and Chiyo is about as interesting as a rice cake. I can honestly say I don't feel it between them, it just feels stale because her character just doesn't go out there. Chiyo just seems average to me so the whole thing between the two is just boring. So the love factor in this manga really doesn't get me intrigued. If there is possibly more stuff between Kiyoshi and Hana than that would would definitely make things a lot more interesting. Just Saying.
Overall this is a good manga for those who want to get into it, just be warned that there isn't a whole lot of romance even though it says there is. But I'm sure a lot of people can get into it because of the humor and attention to detail. In fact there already are. But just note that this is just how I felt about the manga, but in general its good. General: 7-8/10 Personal: 5/10
Story: The story is incredibly silly, you have 5 boys attending an all girls school that recently turned co-ed. At this point you would expect the typical harem. That would be the case if this was a typical manga. What actually happens is that the boys get ostracized. After they commit a deed which wont be spoiled, there prison sentence in the school begins. The story isn't important. It is only there as a catalyst for absolutely hilarious events and circumstances. I mean hilarious.
Art: The art is fantastic. The ecchi is off the scale.
Characters: The characters dont fit any stereo types and are all incredibly funny.
In short this manga has a lot of ridiculous situations. What makes this manga stand out though is the tone. Everyone in this manga is completely serious. They are so serious in fact that its hilarious in itself. read more